https://ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/issue/feed International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220 2020-10-15T01:13:35+08:00 editorijrss editor.ijrssh@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) is open access, double-blind peer-reviewed, an international journal published in English. IJRSS provides wider sharing of knowledge and the acceleration of research, and is thus in the best interest of authors, potential readers, and increases the availability, accessibility, visibility and impact of the papers, and the journal as a whole. The IJRSS focusing on theories, methods, and applications of Social Science and humanities research, increasing academic prosperity, and fostering international academic exchange and cooperation. This journal provides a platform for sharing the latest high-quality research concerning Social Science and humanities research.</p> <p>It is our immense pleasure to introduce the International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS), Social Sciences Journal to cater to the publication needs of teachers, scientists, scholars, students, and professionals. We thank all the resources with us, in the form of eminent advisory board and editorial board for all their cooperation and enthusiastic involvement in this blooming endeavor.</p> https://ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/30 The African Union’s Small Steps toward the Promotion and Protection of Peace 2020-09-21T14:19:21+08:00 NGUEKEU DONGMO Pierre pidogue@yahoo.fr <p><em>Among other factors, the quest for the liberation of the African continent from the colonial yoke prompted the creation by African leaders of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 1963, which became the pioneer African multilateral organization. The failure of the said organization in some of its missions and the advent of new challenges in the continent pushed African leaders to replace it with the African Union (AU) in 2002. How far has the African Union corrected the ills of its predecessor, especially in the field of the preservation of peace on the continent? The present article evaluates the actions taken by the African Union in the realm of continental peace since its creation in 2002. Addressing this fundamental issue of peace as a strategic approach, it is deemed necessary for the paper to be evaluated in two main parts. Part one regards the promotion and protection of peace by the African Union as a possible challenge construction. The difficulties, challenges encountered by the African Union have contributed to its failures in certain aspects relating to continental peace. In this perspective, part two elucidates the failures of the African Union towards continental peace. Still in this part, the way forward for better consolidation of peace is defined.</em></p> 2020-09-21T14:19:21+08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220 https://ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/28 Spiritual Fitness and Community Welfare 2020-09-24T00:35:01+08:00 Latifa Belfakir belfakirlatifa12@gmail.com <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Spiritual fitness has become a hot subject since the outbreak of COVID-10.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">The World Health Organization, in 1948, defined health as “ not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. … it is a complete state of physical, mental and social well being.” Later on the spiritual dimension was added ensuring that health stems from an amalgam of bodily, mental, social wellbeing in addition to spiritual fitness. The belief that spirituality may help people attain meaning through experiencing humanity in all aspects of life has in the last decade moved to academia and excited many researchers. Thus, in social sciences, like leadership studies, researchers have recognized the importance of individual spirituality (spiritual fitness) and how it could be achieved through a comprehensive and balanced life individually and in communities. In this sense, contemporary research has in a thought-provoking way suggested that the spiritual domain should be seen as an integral element of societal development.&nbsp;</span></p> 2020-09-24T00:35:01+08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220 https://ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/32 Critical Analysis of Influence of Globalization among the Rabhas of West Bengal, India 2020-10-12T23:24:23+08:00 Priyanka priyankaunv20@gmail.com <p><em>Whenever we attempt to define any word having a “global” morpheme in it, that word entails a cognition that the term is affecting the whole world, be it “globalization”, “global market”, “global economy” or “global warming”. So, when we talk about globalization which itself is a process of interaction among people of the whole world (the basis of this interaction may vary from trading of goods to the exchange of revolutionary ideas); then we can’t ignore the diversity of approximately 7.7billion people. When such a diverse population interacts on any level then it is only natural that things are going to advance forward, as only a strong idea or innovation can actually become global. Hence any society coming under its radar is going to go under some kind of transition from its traditional self. This paper attempts to explain whether globalization has stimulated any transition among Rabhas or not?&nbsp; Rabhas are the tribal people of West Bengal, Assam and Meghalaya. In West Bengal Rabhas manly live in Jalpaiguri and Cooch Behar district. Referring themselves as “Koch”, Rabhas of Jalpaiguri were originally a forest-dwelling tribe, marked by its matrilineality. Scholars like M.K Raha in his book “Matriliny to Patriliny: A Study of the Rabha Society” (1974) and others have argued that Rabhas are undergoing transition. Even though the transition from matriliny to patriliny has been highlighted by several authors and scholars but there is a transition occurring at more than one level and this paper is an attempt to highlight such transitions.</em></p> 2020-10-12T23:24:23+08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220 https://ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/36 Effects of Social Media Interaction on Self-Presentation among Students in Public Secondary Schools in Nairobi County, Kenya 2020-10-13T13:22:37+08:00 Jecinta W. Muigai jesywambo@gmail.com <p><em>As technology continues to expand, adolescents have embraced interaction through social media platforms. They interact through sharing comments, posting photos, profile updates, etc. Some of the social media platforms that adolescents use is Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Snapchat, YouTube, among others.</em> <em>This article explored the effects of social media interaction on self-presentation among adolescents in high school in Nairobi County, Kenya. A descriptive survey design was used to understand the phenomenon. A questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents. A sample size of 400 respondents was obtained through stratified random sampling and simple random sampling. SPSS version 20 was used to help analyze the data for descriptive statistics, and linear regression was used to predict the effect of social media interaction on the self-presentation. The regression model was significant F (1, 344) =38.618, p-value &lt;.05. Further, the R Square (R<sup>2</sup>) = .101 shows 10.1% of students’ self-presentation can be attributed to social media interaction. The coefficient of the self-presentation based on the students’ social media interaction showed the regression weight was statistically significant (p&lt;.05). The output showed social media interactions affect students' self-presentation (β = .318, t = 6.348, p&lt;.05), hence an increase of social media interaction interrupts the students’ self-presentation by .318. It is necessary to have seminars and workshops to educate the parents, teachers, youth workers and adolescents on these effects.</em></p> 2020-10-13T13:22:37+08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220 https://ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/35 The Pattern of Interpersonal Communication among Families of Oraon Tribe in Arangi Village of Jharkhand, India 2020-10-13T13:46:15+08:00 Priyanka priyankaunv20@gmail.com <p><em>Interpersonal communication can also be defined as the communication that takes place between people who are interdependent and have some knowledge of each other. Interpersonal communication refers to what takes place between a son and his father, between husband and wife, between mother and daughter in a family. Although largely dyadic in nature, interpersonal communication is often extended to include small intimate groups such as the peer group and extended family. Interpersonal communication can take place in face-to-face settings, as well as through media platforms, such as social media. Every family has a pattern of communication which is often channelized through various kin acting as a medium. In this study, the main focus will be concentrated on knowing about a general pattern of interpersonal communication among Oraon families of Arangi Village. The Oraon tribe is one of the major tribes of the Chotanagpur region. They have settled agriculturists which make them remarkable for complex family studies as they have a strong and extensive kinship system. They speak Kurukh which falls in the Dravidian linguistic family which itself is considered as one of the root linguistic families of India. Hence, as Oraons have already their own distinctive kinship and family pattern so this paper attempts to highlight the pattern of interpersonal communication among them using an integrative approach. </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-10-13T13:46:15+08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220 https://ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/34 Material Culture of the Lepcha, Inhabitants of Sikkim, India: An Anthropological Perspective 2020-10-15T01:04:23+08:00 Akash Deep akashtiwarig@gmail.com <p><em>Lepchas are the original inhabitants of Sikkim, India. The Lepchas are of mongoloid stock and some anthropologist trace their origins to Mongolia or Tibet. However, the Lepchas themselves have no such history of migration in their traditional knowledge. They believe themselves to be the natives of the Sikkim and even consider Mt. Kanchenjunga as the abode of their ancestors. This study is based on Material culture of the Lepcha. Material culture is tangible and ponderable object produced or used by humans like clothes, ornament, kitchen utensils, tools, machineries. Aim of this study is to know the material culture of Lepcha people and to know what are the changes coming in their material culture along with cause and effect of such changes. In this paper it will be further revealed that traditional material culture used by Lepcha people are vanishing gradually. Material culture are surviving in their society just as an antique souvenir of the past. Though there are also some types of material culture which are still in use. Due to various reasons mainly due to contact with other culture we can see change in their traditional culture materials.Tourism, modernization, acculturation are some reasons for change.</em></p> <p><strong>Key words:</strong><em> Material culture, Tangible, Change, Modernization, Acculturation. </em></p> 2020-10-15T01:02:28+08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220 https://ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/33 Crucial Impact of Globalization among Lepchas of Village Ranka, North Sikkim, India 2020-10-15T01:13:35+08:00 Akash Deep akashtiwarig@gmail.com <p><em>Globalization can be explained as a process by the means of which any idea, goods, traditions or customs becomes international or simply we can say it becomes “global” and reaches people spread across whole world. Globalization puts an impact on every society. Hence, this paper highlights the Crucial Impact of Globalization among Lepchas of North Sikkim. Lepchas are the original inhabitants of Sikkim. The Lepchas are of mongoloid stock and some anthropologist trace their origins to Mongolia or Tibet. However, the Lepchas themselves have no such history of migration in their traditional knowledge. They believe themselves to be the natives of the Sikkim and even consider Mt. Kanchenjunga as the abode of their ancestors. Globalization has put an impact on every aspect of Lepcha people. They were followers of simple tradition but due to globalization and modernization (Modernization is a by-product of Globalization) their traditions are changing and they are adapting the global ways of life which is endangering their own traditions, knowledge and values. As they have accepted several fruits of globalization with open arms hence their social life has changed a lot along with economic and political life. The change is so observable that number of traditional Lepchas has reduced significantly and they can be seen only in few areas. This paper highlights the both positive and negative impact of globalization and tries to present the factors promoting globalization among Lepchas.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Crucial, Globalization, Modernization, Endangered, Impact, Change Lepcha</em></p> 2020-10-15T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220