Factors Affecting Adoption of Climate-Smart Agricultural Technologies: Evidence from Nandi County, Kenya


  • Mokoro, A. Nyasimi Mount Kenya University, Thika, Kenya
  • Ochola W. Adede Mount Kenya University, P.O. Box 342-0100, Thika, Kenya
  • Omasaki, S. Kemboi Mount Kenya University, P.O. Box 342-0100, Thika, Kenya
  • Basweti A Evans Mount Kenya University, P.O. Box 342-0100, Thika, Kenya




Adoption, Climate Smart Agricultural Technologies, Extension, Agro-forestry, Biogas


Adoption of Climate Smart Agricultural Technologies (CSAT) such as Biogas production, silage making, agroforestry, and water conservation help in improving smallholder production. However, in rural areas of Nandi County of Kenya, the adoption of CSAT amongst smallholder dairy farmers is low. In this study, we analyze factors that affect the adoption of CSAT using information drawn from 350 smallholder dairy farmers participating in the East Africa Dairy Development program.  Using the ordered Logit model, we find that the intensity of adoption of CSAT is partly affected by access to extension and credit services. Specifically, we showed that farmers who had access to extension services and credit lines were more likely to adopt drought-resistant crops but not biogas production, agro-forestry, and silage making. Moreover, our result showed that owning a stable tenure system allows farmers to adopt technologies that require more land and take more time like biogas production, drought crops, agroforestry, water storage, and silage making. Finally, we showed that distance between a farmer’s home and the farm is an important factor in adopting agricultural technology. This effect is more pronounced amongst technologies that are heavy to transport like biogas production, water storage and conservation, zero-grazing, and silage making.


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How to Cite

Mokoro, A. Nyasimi, Ochola W. Adede, Omasaki, S. Kemboi, & Basweti A Evans. (2021). Factors Affecting Adoption of Climate-Smart Agricultural Technologies: Evidence from Nandi County, Kenya. International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN:2582-6220, DOI: 10.47505/IJRSS, 2(9), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.47505/IJRSS.2021.9207