Nigeria’s Interventions in West African Conflicts and Regional Security

  • Joseph C. Ebegbulem University of Calabar Nigeria
Keywords: Regional security, Leadership, Intervention, Inter-ethnic conflict, Foreign policy

Abstract

The achievement of regional security has been a cardinal foreign policy objective of Nigeria since her independence from Britain in 1960. Through the instrumentality of the Economic Community for West African States (ECOWAS), Nigeria has made an immense contribution towards the achievement of this regional objective of promoting and maintaining regional security. Nigeria’s contribution to regional security in Africa, especially the West African sub-region through mediation and interventions in conflicts has never been in doubt. In her effort to promote and maintain regional security, the country has been able to provide logistics and funding at very crucial moments in the history of ECOWAS. Through constant interventions in conflicts in the West African sub-region, there is no doubt that Nigeria has been able to play a defining role in regional security in the sub-region. This paper discussed the position of Nigeria in West Africa, and her interventions in the sub-region. The paper also examined Nigeria’s contribution to regional security and critically analyse her national interest and interventions in West Africa. Finally, the paper concludes that Nigeria has made immense contributions towards the promotion and maintenance of regional security, and has intervened in almost all the conflicts in West Africa without corresponding positive reward.

References

Abubakar, A. A. (2009). “Peacekeeping in West Africa: The Nigerian Experience”, in G. J. Jonah and I. S. Zabadi (eds.) Peace Support Operations in the New Global Environment: The Nigerian Perspective, Abuja: National Defence College.
Adebajo, A. (2008). “Hegemony on a Shoestring: Nigeria’s Post-Cold War Foreign Policy”, in A. Adebajo and A. R. Mustapha (eds.) Gulliver’s Troubles, South Africa: University of Kwa Zulu Natal Press.
Adeniji, O. (2000). Essays on Nigerian Foreign Policy Governance and International Security. Ibadan: Dokun Publishing House.
Agwu, F. A. (2009). National Interest, International Law and Our Shared Destiny. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Limited.
Akinbobola, A. (2000). Regionalism and Regional Influentials: The Post-Code War Role of Nigeria in African Affairs. Lagos: Concept Publications Ltd.
Akindele, R. A. (2003). “Foreign Policy in Federal Politics: A Case Study of Nigeria” in A. T. Gana, and S. G. Egwu (eds.) Federalism in Africa. Eritrea: African World Press Inc.
Akinyemi, B. (1987). “Reciprocity in Nigerian Foreign Policy” (The Akinyemi Doctrine) Nigerian Forum, May-June. Nos. 5 and 6. pp1.
Al-Hassan, H. Y. (2008). Nigeria-Africa Foreign Policy: Time for Sober Reflection. Retrieved from http://www. economicconfidential.com/Agusfeatureshadi.htl (Accessed 21/01/14).
Ali, W. O. (2012). The Role of Nigeria in Regional Security Policy. Abuja: Friedrich-Ebert-Stifung. Available at http://library.fes.depdf-file/bueros/nigeria/09372.pdf. (Accesssed 15/10/14).
Bamali, N. (2009). Redefining Nigeria’s Interest and Commitments in Peace Support Operations, in B. A. Akinterinwa (ed.) Nigeria’s National Interests in a Globalising World: Further Reflections on Constructive and Beneficial Concentricism. Ibadan: Bolytag International Publishers.
Bassey, C. O. (2004). Book Review: The Reversed Victory: Story of Nigerian Military Intervention in Sierra Leone. Calabar Journal of Politics and Administration.Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 23 – 40.
Bello, H. M. (2012). Ministerial Platform on the Activities, Programmes and Achievement of the Ministry of Defence. From May 2011 to May 2012.
Eke, O.A. (2009). Globalization Challenges and Nigerian Foreign Policy. Abakaliki: Willy Rose & Appleseed Publishing Coy
¬¬Fawole W.A (2003). Nigerian Foreign Policy under Gowon. Ibadan: University Press
George, O. (2012). From Rookie to Mandarin: The Memoirs of Second Generation Diplomat, Ibadan: BIP
Howe, H. (1997). “Lessons and of Liberia: ECOMOG and Regional Peacekeeping”, International Security Vol. 21, pp. 145-176
Iwilade, A. & Agbo, J. U. (2012). “ECOWAS and the Regulation of Regional Peace and Security in West Africa”, Democracy and Security, Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 358-373
King, M.C. (1996). Basic Currents of Nigeria Foreign Policy. Washington D.C.: Howard University Press
Kirchner, E. J. & Dominguez, R. (2011). The Security Governance of Regional Organizations. London: New York: Routledge
Kolawole. D. (2005). “From Isolation to Globalization: Transformation of Nigeria’s Foreign Policy from the Abacha Regime to Obasanjo’s Administration” Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 6, pp 873-879
Obada, E.O. (2013). Nigeria’s Defence Priorities: Domestic Stability for Regional Security. Abuja: Chatham House
Shaw, T.M. (1987). “Nigeria Restrained: Foreign Policy under Changing Political and Petroleum Regimes”, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, Vol. 489, No. 1, pg. 40-50.
Williams, P. (2008). “Keeping the Peace in Africa: Why African Solutions are not Enough”. Ethics and International Affairs, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 309-329.
Published
2020-07-19
How to Cite
Joseph C. Ebegbulem. (2020). Nigeria’s Interventions in West African Conflicts and Regional Security. International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN:2582-6220, 1(3), 18-25. https://doi.org/10.47505/IJRSS.2020.9112
Section
Articles