Covid-19 and Home learning: The case of Meru County Kenya
The main purpose of the study was to find out whether children are learning now that schools closed due to covid, and does involving children, in child work/child employment and or child labour deny them a chance to engage in online learning activities The objectives of the study, was to find out whether children of below 12 years are involved in child work/child employment and or child labour. Find out the types of child work/child employment and or child labour children below the age of 12 years are engaged in at home and in the neighborhood in this covid-19 period. The study used a survey design. The target population was working children in Nyambene, Igembe and South Imenti regions of Meru County. The researcher used questionnaire for the parents or guardian while observation schedule was used to establish different types of work children below 12 years were engaged in. The sample size of the study was 684 children and 684 parents or guardians. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics that then presented using frequency distribution tables and percentages. The findings of the study reveal that children below 12 years of age are engaged in in different forms of child work/child employment and or child labour. It also showed that income earned by majority of the parents or guardians (54%) of children engaged in child work/child employment and or child labour were of age’s 17-35years and 50% of these parents earned between Ksh2500 to 4000 a month. The findings also established the kind of activities children do to support their families and documents children reported reasons as to why they have to work.
African development review 16th Dec 2002 by Wiley Keniworth NJ
Andrew Wasike (2020). Coronavirus: Kenya shuts schools as new Covid -19 cases are confirmed. [Online].; 15.03.2020 [cited 2020 August 2nd . Available from: https://www.aa.com.tr/en/africa/coronavirus-kenya-shuts-schools-as-new-cases-confirmed/ 1767139.
Anne A. Aseey (2020). Follow the Bridge: COVID-19 and Remote Learning in Kenya. [Online].; 11.05.2020 [cited 2020 August 2nd . Available from: https://uonresearch.org/blog/follow-the-bridge-covid-19-and-remote-learning-in-kenya/
Heymann, J., & McNeill, K. (2013). Children's chances: How countries can move from surviving to thriving. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
ILO (2017)a, About child labour - Stop Child Labour: School is the best place to work [Online]., 2017 [cited 2020 August 5th Available from: https://stopchildlabour.org/about-child-labour/
ILO (2017)b, 7 Facts About Child Labor in Kenya | The Borgen Project [Online]., 26. 12. 2019 [cited 2020 August 5th Available from: https://borgenproject.org/facts-about-child-labor-in-kenya/
Jayaweera, M., Perera, H., Gunawardana, B., & Manatunge, J., (2020). Transmission of COVID-19 virus by droplets and aerosols: A critical review on the unresolved dichotomy. Environmental research, 188, 109819. Advance online publication.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.109819
Kenya Child Labour baseline survey (2016): Moderate advancement available from; https://www.refworld.org/pdfid/5a0021fd2.pdf retrieved on 2nd August 2020
Kenya Law Reform Commission (KLRC) (2020), Children - Kenya Law Reform Commission (KLRC). [Online].;June, 2020 [cited 2020 August 2nd . Available from: https://klrc.go.ke /index.php/constitution-of-kenya/113-chapter-four-the-bill-of-rights/part-3-specific-application-of-rights/219-53-children
Lou Gutheil, (2019). Child Labor: Not Gone, but Forgotten. Millions of children trapped between extreme poverty and the profits of others [Online].;09.07.2019 [cited 2020 August 5th Available from: https://www.gfa.org/special-report/child-labor-today/
Ministry of Education (2020). Coronavirus: Kenyan schools to remain closed until 2021. [Online].; 07.07.2020 [cited 2020 August 2nd . Available from: https://news.yahoo.com/coronavirus-kenyan-schools-remain-closed-175905923.html
Murungi, C.G. (2012)a, Children health needs and its influence on pre-school education enrolment. International researchers vol. 1 (Issue no.1).Pages 7 - 15
Murungi, C.G., (2012)b, Early Childhood Education for the Pre-School Age Going Children: The Issue of Low Enrolments in Kenya. Journal of Education and Practice, Vol.3 Issue 6
Lucy & Murungi C.G., (2018). School Homework as a Method of Teaching and Learning. Lambert Academic Publishing. ISBN: 3330018445, 9783330018440. Pages 76.
Piketty, T., & Goldhammer, A. (2017). Capital in the twenty-first century.
World Health Organization (2020), Rational use of personal protective equipment for coronavirus disease (COVID-19): interim guidance, 6 April 2020. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020 (available at https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/rational-use-of-personal-protective-equipment-for-coronavirus-disease-(covid-19)-and-considerations-during-severe-shortages).
Schneider, F., & Enste, D. (2013). The shadow economy: An international survey.
Republic of Kenya (2020)a, Kenya basic education covid-19 emergency response plan. [Online].; 31.05.2020 [cited 2020 August 2nd . Available from: https://www.education.go.ke/images/ Kenya_basic_Education COVID-19 Emergency_Response Plan-compressed.pdf
Republic of Kenya (2020)b, Preventing and Responding to COVID-19: Key messages to support those working with vulnerable children and families in Kenya. [Online].; April, 2020 [cited 2020 August 2nd . Available from: https://asanteafrica.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Draft-6-Key-CP-Messages-04.07.20-1.pdf
U.S. Embassy- Nairobi. reporting, February 26, 2016.
United Nations Children’s Fund (2020), COVID-19 and Child labour: A time of crisis, a time to act, Joint publication by UNICEF and ILO [Online].; June,2020 [cited 2020 August 2nd . Available from: file:///C:/Users/Owner/AppData/Local/Temp/COVID-19-and-Child-Labour-publication.pdf
World Health Organization (2016), INSPIRE: Seven Strategies for Ending Violence Against Children; 2016. http://www.unodc.org/documents/justice-and-prison-reform/who---inspire_-seven-strategies-for-ending-violence-against-children.pdf.
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.