The African Union’s Small Steps toward the Promotion and Protection of Peace

Myth and Reality of Building a Continental Public Policy of Peace

  • NGUEKEU DONGMO Pierre University of Dschang, Cameroon
Keywords: Organization of African Unity, Public Policy of Peace, Myth


Among other factors, the quest for the liberation of the African continent from the colonial yoke prompted the creation by African leaders of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 1963, which became the pioneer African multilateral organization. The failure of the said organization in some of its missions and the advent of new challenges in the continent pushed African leaders to replace it with the African Union (AU) in 2002. How far has the African Union corrected the ills of its predecessor, especially in the field of the preservation of peace on the continent? The present article evaluates the actions taken by the African Union in the realm of continental peace since its creation in 2002. Addressing this fundamental issue of peace as a strategic approach, it is deemed necessary for the paper to be evaluated in two main parts. Part one regards the promotion and protection of peace by the African Union as a possible challenge construction. The difficulties, challenges encountered by the African Union have contributed to its failures in certain aspects relating to continental peace. In this perspective, part two elucidates the failures of the African Union towards continental peace. Still in this part, the way forward for better consolidation of peace is defined.


AU Comission, strategic plan, AU document, May 2009
Aba Angue Ondua, The fight against terrorism within the framework o the African Union, the case of the Gulf of Guinea, dissertation presented in view of the award of a masters’ degree in International public Law, university of Yaounde II, 2006-2007
APSC, Moving Africa forward: African Peace and Security Architecture. Assessment study, Addis Ababa African Union PSC 2010
African Briefing Report, The African Union’s role in the Libya and Cote d’Ivoire conflicts, Brussels, May 2011.
Ayittey, G. An African Solution, Harvard International Review, 2015.
Brown Michael, Ethnic and Internal conflicts: Causes and implications. In Crocker, Chester, Hampson eds, Tubulent peace: the challenges of managing international conflict. Washington: United States Institutes of peace press, 2001.
Bartu, P. Libya’s political transition: the challenges of mediation, New York, International Peace Institute, 2014
Cornelius, H and Faire, S. Everyone can win: How to Resolve conflict: simon and Schuster, 1989.
Chika Njideka Oguonu and Christian Chukwuebuka Ezeibe, African Union and Conflict Resolution, Mediterranean Journal of Social Science, 2014
Ciliers, J.,Boshof H &Aboagye, B.F, Somalia: the Intervention Dilemma. Policy Brief, 2010.
CONING DE Cedric cited by MeYER Angela, peace and security cooperation in Central African Republic.
Conciliation resource briefing, crisis in the Central African Republic, 2013
Evans, Gareth. From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to protect.Wisconsin International Law Journal, 2006.
Guesh, H. The response of the African Union to the North African Revolution of 2011: Critical analysis on the African Union normative frameworks governing democracy, constitutionalism and unconstitutional change of government, unpublished undergraduate dissertation, Addis Ababa University, 2013.
Kobau, T. The responsibility to protect and the role of regional organizations: An appraisal of the African Union’s intervention. Goettingen Journal of International Law, 2012.
Kutesa,S.K.Peace and conflict in Africa, paper presented by the Ugandan foreigh Affairs minister, Tokyo,2009.
Moller Bjorn, The African Union as Security Actor: African Solutions to African Problems? Danish Institutes for International Studies, Regional and Global Axes of conflict, Working paper no.57, crisis state working papers series No.2.
Monica Juma, compendium of key documents relating to peace and security in Africa, Pretoria university law press, 2006.
Musa Sagir, Multinational Joint Task Forces and Host community, Sahara Reporters, January,2015
Muyangwa, M and M.Voiggt.An assessment of the OAU mechanism for conflict prevention, management and resolution,International peace Academy Monograph.New York, International Peace Academy, 1993-2000.
Murithini, Tim, The African Union’s evolving role in peace operations:The African Union Mission in Burundi, the African Union Mission in Sudan and the African Union in Somalia, African Security Review, 2008.
Mahadew, R. The African Union’s responsibility to protect in the Libyan crisis, unpublished undergraduate dissertation, Peace and Security Department African Union Commission, Ethiopia, 2011.
MEYER Angela, peace and security cooperation in Central Africa.
Neethling, T. South Africa, the African Union and International intervention in Libya: A critical appraisal. Australasian Review of African studies, 2012.
Olivier Fillieule and Cecile Pechu, Lutter Ensemble: Les theories de l’action collective, l’harmattan Paris, 1993.
Paterson, M. The African Union at ten; problems, progress and prospects, International Colloquium Report Berlin- Germany, 2012.
Resolution 14/60 of the General Assembly Declarationm on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism, 1994.
Segun Joshua Faith Olanrewalu, The AU’s Progress and Achievements in the Realm of peace and security, Indian Council of World Affairs (ICWA), SAGE publications, 2017, p.17
Shinkaiye, K. Nigeria and the African Union: Roles and expectation. In B. Akinterinwa (Ed), Nigeria and the development of the African Union.Ibadan : Vantage publishers, 2005, p.76-97.
Sophie Desmidt, Volker Hauck, conflict management under the African Peace and Security Architecture: Analysis of conflict prevention and conflict resolution interventions by the African Union and Regional Economic Communities in violent conflicts in Africa , discussion paper, 2017, p.16
Sandole DJD and VAN de Mewe, Conflict Resolution, Theory and Practice: Integration and Application, Manchester University press, 1993.
Sharamo and Ayagafac, The state of Human Security in Africa: An Assessment OF Institutional preparedness. Institute of Security Studies, Addis Ababa; Central printing press, 2011.
The preamble to the AU Constitutive Act
Tchioffokodjo, Experts Meeting on the elaboration of operational documents for the multinational joint task force of the member states of the lake chad Basin commission and Benin
Williams, P.D The African Union’s conflict management capabilities, working paper, International Institution and Global Governance Program, New York, 2011
Waal, A. African roles in the Libyan, international affairs, 2013, p.365-379.
Williams, D. The peace and security council of the African Union evaluating an embryonic international institution. Journal of Modern African Studies, 2009,pp. 603-626.
Williams, P.D. The African Union’s conflict management capabilities, working paper, International Institute and Global Governance Program, New York, 2011.
How to Cite
NGUEKEU DONGMO Pierre. (2020). The African Union’s Small Steps toward the Promotion and Protection of Peace: Myth and Reality of Building a Continental Public Policy of Peace. International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN:2582-6220, 1(4), 1-14.